How the Internet of Things (IoT) is Impacting Architecture, Design, and Construction

December 2, 2022

The manner in which we interact with the physical world has evolved at such a massive scale that it has gained a separate terminology. At present, the Internet of Things (IoT) is broadly sculpting the future of the construction and design industry. Even if we are not aware of it, we are making use of it in our everyday life. The CCTV in your house or the large-format printer in your office, all of these make use of the Internet of Things (IoT). Simply defined, the Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of devices, and people connected to the internet who can send and receive data. It is an interconnected digital network that allows objects to be embedded in the electronic collection and sharing of data. The benefits of IoT are immense in the construction industry and design firms that have on-time and on-budget deliverables. With the connection and integration of devices with computer systems, the rate of productivity multiplies, accuracy is enhanced and the need for human intervention is minimized. Let us understand how IoT is impacting design and construction.

Telematics – If you are involved in the construction industry, you would be aware that the margins are extremely thin and there is no room for delay in the project. To cater to this problem, construction firms have been deploying the technology called the IoT and the results have been impressive. Telematics is capable of relaying data about the fuel consumption, engine idle hours, GPS location, productivity, and multiple other metrics. It also comes in the form of small sensors on equipment that detect vibration levels, engine performance, temperature fluctuations and more. Telematics captures real-time information, and monitors operating conditions and performance levels on the job site.

Building Information Modeling – An extremely common application of IoT is building information modeling. BIM is a process by which one can create intelligent, 3D models of a building for directing the real-life design and the construction of a building. BIM is particularly used to model the structure of a building during the design and construction phase itself. IoT technology also enables architects to detect foot traffic to a particular area of the building. It can also be used to detect temperature, humidity, and other similar factors. By having the upper hand in analyzing and monitoring data like never before, design and construction firms can create futuristic models.

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) – RFID has particularly gained immense popularity, particularly with regard to prefabricated buildings. Prefabricated building products which are easier to produce and reduce waste generation can be equipped with RFID sensors that help with handling and tracking. RFID tags are placed in certain parts that allow the prefab buildings to be easily tracked and with very fine precision. RFID helps in mitigating any downstream delays, analyzing where a particular material is on the job site, and keeping a track of the inventory.

With the evolution of IoT, construction and design firms are creating greater benchmarks in productivity and efficiency. Managers and supervisors can make use of IoT to improve their building models, mitigate the risks involved and create infallible designs.